Three Lessons I Learned About Applying Design Thinking to Machine Learning Research

Lesson 1: Always Be Curious — Conduct Empathetic Interviews

Photo by Christina @

Lesson 2: Make the Implicit Explicit with Visual Thinking

Image by Luminary Lab
A quad chart breaking down aspects of ML systems — challenges and boosters on one axis, theory and practice on another.
A spider chart for this blog post. I didn’t realize the dotted line connections until I drew this out explicitly!

Lesson 3: Fail Early, Fail Often with Rapid Prototyping

Photo by Bonneval Sebastien
Lo-fi prototype for exploring model responses to transformations (drawing, erasing, etc).
Using the pen tool to draw cat ears and whiskers. This model seems to be confused by my drawing.





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